PH0581 PEDERSOLI HOWDAH HUNTER PISTOL 20X20

Law firm rankings


About Us. The firm received national accolades for its Native American practice with three attorneys nationally ranked in this Home » Lawyers » Biglaw » 2017 Am Law 100 Ranking Released. S. The defining feature of this site is the TLS forums which historically has been focused primarily on law school applicants with discussion forums such as the law school admissions forum, the LSAT prep forum, the personal statement forum, and the choosing a law school forum. MILWAUKEE — The national law firm of Quarles & Brady LLP today announced its recognition as a "Best Law Firm" by Best Lawyers and U. Legal Recruiter. A law firm is a business entity formed by one or more lawyers to engage in the practice of law. This ranking looks at specific offices and ranks them against each other and against other firms to capture the strength and relevance of major law firms in today’s market. The firm employs 498 attorneys and was founded in 1819. To be eligible for a ranking, a firm must have a lawyer listed in The Best Minnesota Lawyer is proud to present the 2018 directory of Minnesota’s Largest Law Firms. All of our intense focus is centered on one objective: to grow your law firm with transparency and integrity. Zhong Yin Law Firm (1,458) is the third-largest firm in China, with more than 200 fee-earners joining its offices since September 2013. Intellectual property - Patent prosecution - Ranking 2019 - Law firm - United States Law firm. The top seven law firms in Ireland had revenues of more than €720m between them last year. News Media Group and Best Lawyers ® ’ “Best Law Firm” rankings – a comprehensive survey of America's top law firms – racking up 124 practice rankings, including 56 Tier 1 rankings (up from 27 last year) and 41 national rankings (up from 10 last year). Find the right law firm for your needs. The ATL Law Firm Reputation Survey splits “reputation” into two distinct aspects: 1) the reputed strength and quality of a firm’s practice, and 2) the perceived desirability of the firm as a U. D. Largest Law Firms in the was obtained from firm representatives through questionnaires and could not be independently verified by the Portland Business Journal. A variety of companies create law firm ranking lists by different criteria. Law360’s Global 20 profiles the 20 law firms with the greatest global reach and expertise. Published in Law. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Kirkland reported $3. For a ninth consecutive year, the firm was also among the top 10 for most regional first-tier rankings and combined regional and national first-tier rankings, with K&L Gates’ full rankings including 42 national first-tier rankings and 129 first-tier marks across 16 state and metropolitan areas in 59 different practice groups. A proliferation of attorney awards and rankings—more than 1,200 by one count—is inundating law-firm marketing departments, and an industry of consultants has popped up to guide firms through The 50 largest law firms are included in the so-called ‘Top 50 Law Firms’ ranking. component by domestic attorney head count. In most states we cover more than four areas of law, so that the guide overall covers over 50 different practice areas /sectors on a state and national level. The Law Firm Giving Challenge is a competition that seeks to strengthen the connection between the School of Law and its alumni. But, at the end of the day, sometimes being a leader when it comes to compensation is enough to boost a firm This is a list of the world's largest law firms by revenue in 2017. ” “Best Lawyers was very pleased with the reaction from the legal profession and from legal clients to the first edition of the “Best Law Firms” rankings,” says Steven Naifeh, President of Best Lawyers. Figure 2 confirms that, as you move up from Tier 6 to Tier 1, profitability rises in lockstep. At Rankings. “Cravath invented the business model upon which nearly all large law firms are organized,” wrote Vault senior law editor, Matt Moody. News Media Group, including "Law Firm of the Year" in Franchise Law. “Law firms are an integral part of our rankings and a natural accompaniment to the law schools rankings. See all teams hide all teams. 7 billion, realised by a workforce of just over 75,000. DLA Piper takes number one spot in the ranking, Clifford Chance number two and Allen & Overy comes in third place. Snell & Wilmer law offices are the West's largest full-service business law firm with attorneys based in Phoenix and Tucson, AZ; Orange County and Los Angeles  Boulette Golden & Marin L. Vinson & Elkins LLP is an international law firm headquartered in Houston, Texas. In-depth information on every Seattle law firm available on LawCrossing. The primary service rendered by a law firm is to advise clients (individuals or corporations) about their legal rights and responsibilities, and to represent clients in civil or criminal cases, business transactions, and other matters in which legal advice and other assistance are sought. Slightly more than the half of employees serve as fee earners (lawyers), with 48% operating as staff and back-office. . Search nationally recognized firms as ranked in U. The metro area is defined as The best firm to work for ranking is based on associates’ rankings in various areas. Our rankings are based on our independent market research, listing the best lawyers and barristers from the best law firms in the world, and are used by GCs who are looking to hire solicitors and attorneys for legal advice. One of the ironies of law firm rankings is that the firms, practices and attorneys most worthy of placement are often too busy to do the work to identify relevant ranking opportunities. law firms that create and use best practices in retaining and promoting women lawyers. The only way a law firm can get into our ranking tables and commentary is on merit - if our researchers think it is good enough for inclusion. Law Firm SEO is a crucial part of your business online. It is not possible for a  Jun 20, 2014 Career resource Vault has been creating their annual Law 100 ranking since 1996. Professional  Conducted between February and April of 2018, this 18th annual America's Best Corporate Law Firms ranking reflects the opinion of nearly 250 public company  BTI CONSULTING In the 2019 BTI Client Service A-Team report, Stinson was ranked among the top law firms for delivering exceptional levels of service in some  Any lawyer or law firm who distributes this material agrees to comply at all Weekly recognition of a randomly selected law firm ranked regionally #6-10 on HLS  Michigan Auto Law attorneys have consistently been awarded top honors in law firm rankings for Personal Injury Litigation. She often heads an executive committee comprised of other senior partners, and she helps to establish and guide the firm's strategic vision. com. Locate and connect with attorneys, read attorney's peer & client reviews, and find fellow graduates and alumni from your law school. The state’s largest law firm, Vinson & Elkins, sent a memo Thursday announcing the 12 percent compensation hike to the firm’s 400-plus associates and the 64 newly-minted law school graduates Author: Edward Lott Edward Lott, Ph. This year’s number one Am Law 100 firm was Latham & Watkins which brought in $2. How does Vault come up with its list of the Top 100 law firms? The first step is to compile a list of the most renowned law firms across the country by reviewing the feedback we have received in previous surveys, poring over legal publications, speaking with lawyers, legal recruiters, and law firm personnel, and reviewing other published rankings. The Seattle law firms listed on this website handle the full range of cases and practice areas. Updated July 2019: Below is a listing of the 350 largest law firms in the U. To put that into context of the UK market as a whole, the total value of the most recent UK 200 (the annual Top 10 Indian law firms according to RSG (full top 40 ranking below) In the latest bi-annual rankings compiled by consultancy RSG India, AZB & Partners has topped the table ahead of Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (SAM) and Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas (CAM), which had topped the table in 2015 when still united in one firm as Amarchand Mangaldas before their break-up (see full table below). Nov 1, 2018 U. Named to Best Law Firm List for 2018 The “Best Law Firms” rankings are based on a rigorous evaluation process that includes  May 31, 2018 The Legal 500 United States has again ranked Cahill among the nation's elite law firms in its 2018 edition, recognizing the firm in the following  Jul 8, 2013 For the second consecutive year, Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn LLP was named the largest law firm (by number of lawyers) in the city of  This Phase 1, Version 1. Law Firm Ranking Reports. , M. com's 2014 report on the top 100 most prestigious law firms. Acritas’ seventh annual US Law Firm Brand Index sees Jones Day extend its lead against the market, increasing the gap against the rest of the leading brands to an extent not seen since 2014. (November 1, 2017) – Littler, the world’s largest employment and labor law practice representing management, has earned “National Tier 1” rankings for the following practice areas in the 2018 U. The top tier law firms are typically the largest in Australia. Ranked by Metro-area lawyers. A law firm in tune with the business engine, we have helped the West's entrepreneurs as well as its largest businesses for more than 130 years. This is a list of the world's largest law firms by revenue in 2017. Skadden was the first law firm to report $1 billion in annual revenue. Venable moves up in revenue, profits per equity partner in 2018 AmLaw Global 100 rankings; Venable Continues Its Decade-Long Run of Increases in Profits and Revenue Per Lawyer; Venable Has Another Strong Year in 2019 Am Law 100 Rankings MILWAUKEE, Wis. The 2018 rankings are based on the highest number of participating firms and highest number of client ballots on record. Repeatedly ranked among the leading U. Please note, these are not all our clients. Tier rankings and law firm profitability. Chicago's largest law firms, ranked by number of attorneys practicing locally. io is an SEO agency exclusively for lawyers. The graphic above lists the law firms ranked most often in the Legal 500 2018. Among this year's winning firms, women make up an average of 20 percent of all equity partners, and The largest law firms in Michigan, ranked by number of attorneys in Michigan, were published November 10, 2014. ALM’s surveys, rankings and data are an essential resource for knowledge managers, firm leadership and anyone seeking to better understand the legal market, the firms that The purpose of The Legal 500 is to help corporate counsel find the right advisors through our law firm rankings and editorial, which are free of charge to access on this site. law firms handling patents, trademarks, copyrights and related litigation. Click on the firms listed in bold below for more information. Quarles & Brady is now ranked "first-tier" in 46 practice areas. , a local search and digital marketing agency that offers clients lead generation, local seo and Google Maps Domination. In its editorial, market observers describe Banwo & Ighodalo as a “very efficient law Firm”. Our guide will help you create a perfect attorney SEO foundation for your firm. Established in 1917, our lawyers are committed to excellent client service in transactions, investments, projects and disputes across the globe. The earnings, calculated by UK-based market analysts, are an indicator of the rude financial health of Crain's has just published its annual list of Chicago's largest law firms, ranked by the number of local attorneys as of June 30. Ranking process of these best Law enterprises in India is frequently being updated by our expert team. All figures have been compiled from The American Lawyer's Global 200 ranked as of October 2018 and represent the fiscal year 2017. MORE Careers Browse through the most comprehensive listing of law firms in Seattle, WA. New York—Pillsbury more than doubled its 2010 high scores in the second edition (2011-2012) of U. Law firms that have a national presence are also ranked in our  Nov 1, 2018 Cokinos | Young is pleased to announce that the firm has been ranked as a Tier 1 “Best Law Firm” by U. Mergers & acquisitions - Ranking 2019 - Law firm - Colombia. 76  Law 360 - Named Foley Hoag a 2018 Regional Powerhouse, awarded to law firms handling some of the biggest deals and most high-profile courtroom battles   May 12, 2019 The annual Law360 400 ranks the largest U. is President and Managing Partner of Allentown-based ForLawFirmsOnly Marketing, Inc. Ballard Spahr LLP, an Am Law 100 law firm with more than 500 lawyers in 14 offices in the United States, provides a range of services in litigation, business and finance, real estate, intellectual One striking thing about the data is that regional firms, such as DWF, Osborne Clarke and Brodies do as well, if not better, in the rankings than law firms traditionally regarded as the most Vault. The firm has significant experience in a breadth of practice areas and industries and is prepared to provide full service to clients. News Media Group. The publication provides annual rankings and firm-by-firm editorial, including leading lawyers. With over 100 partners and more than 670 staff, we offer strong expertise across all key commercial practice areas. right, but I'm pretty sure they don't let you vote for your OWN firm - see post above You can vote for ONLY your firm on the soft stuff (e. The firm was established in 1856 and has grown almost Beijing Yingke Law Firm, with 3,976 fee-earners in China, displaces Dacheng Law Offices (3,410 feeearners) as the largest law firm in China. National IP Rankings. News — Best Lawyers Law Firm of the Year for Corporate Law and Tax Law as part of the publication's 2019  Oct 2, 2018 Baker McKenzie Top-Ranked Global Law Firm Brand for Ninth Year Even though Baker McKenzie is not the highest-earning firm, it still has  Jan 27, 2019 A group of Paul, Weiss partners at the law firm's Midtown Manhattan office “We' ve always been ranked at the very, very top of every survey. News – Best Lawyers , the only purely peer review™ guide to the legal profession, have ranked more than 13,000 firms in 122 specialties in 187 metro areas. An enhanced or premier membership is now required to access the lists. Here's a list of the top ten law firms in the world. But now there’s a third leg to the law practice stool. L. Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman is a full-service, global law firm with an industry focus on energy & natural resources, financial services including financial institutions, real estate & construction, and technology. C. Our company is continuously adding SEO experts and all employees undergo a rigorous screening process. What It Is: Most rankings compare law firms nationally or solely within specific regions. Rank Firm Revenue (US$) Lawyers Revenue per lawyer (US$) Country; 1 Kirkland & Ellis Find the best law firm for you using our exclusive legal rankings. Find out how U. France Arbitration - Law Firms - Brazil - 2019 Rankings. Acritas’ US Law Firm Brand Index 2018 is compiled from analysis of an extract of data from the Sharplegal US survey dataset. Information was compiled via an electronic survey. Carlton Fields is one of the top 50 law firms Fortune 1000 clients delineate unprompted and by name for delivering superior client service. As a legal recruiter, it is the individual's job to look for legal recruits and place them at some of the best law firms in the country. Its surveys and rankings are highly regarded within the legal industry. News & World Report and Best Lawyers, for the ninth consecutive year, rated Barran Liebman a top law firm in their 2019 “Best Law Firms”  Ray Quinney & Nebeker is one of the largest and most reputable law firms in Utah and offers clients an experienced, innovative, and diverse team of legal  Nov 1, 2018 U. News and Best Lawyers®. With data driven insight Lex Machina enables law firms to pitch and land new clients and win lawsuits. We will release our next annual update in July 2020. utility patents issued in 2016 where the firms were listed on the published utility patents. When clients make decisions about who to hire, they compare reputation and recognition with those of competitors. The legal recruiter as a person believes that the stronger they know the recruit; the better it is for both. You will gain understanding from key illustrated points in the SEO process. Unfortunately, lists that offer law firm rankings are generated to answer the questions of lawyers regarding prospective work places rather than helping consumers decide who to retain. Chiesa Shahinian & Giantomasi PC is pleased to announce that the firm has earned top   Chambers USA ranks the top lawyers and law firms across all the United States of America. Please note that each list uses a different methodology and it is important to evaluate the methodology when deciding if the ranking fits your needs. “Current associates are best-positioned to know what life is actually like at any particular firm, and Vault’s Midsize Quality of Life rankings and firm profiles showcase associates’ experiences so law students and laterals get an insiders’ perspective and can make informed career decisions. Using the reviews of 17,000 law firm associates, Vault  May 17, 2019 Here's a list of the top ten law firms in the world. > Duane Morris has the highest IPR institution percentage of any of the nation’s Top 15 most active petitioner law firms. com. 0 of the Law Firm Innovation Index measures law firm innovation based Law Firm Innovation Index - Phase 1, v1. Find the best law firm for you using our exclusive legal rankings. Ed has been a digital entrepreneur since 1994, having discovered very early the opportunities the Internet offered. Law Firm Local Ranking Case Study Top law firms are known for long hours, cut-throat competition, and charging packs of eager young attorneys. Study the following 12 categories of law firm rankings as part of your research before applying for training contracts or vacation schemes The NALP Directory provides specific information on law firms, government agencies, public interest organizations, and corporations, including lawyer demographics, practice areas, compensation and benefits, diversity and inclusion practices, and other valuable information about legal employers. Full disclosure: The law firms have paid for the links and the enhanced listings. Comparing Legal 500 rankings against law firm profitability is a starting point for establishing that they reflect client value. linked to their respective web sites. Legal Analytics enables lawyers to gain critical advantage in the business and practice of law. We provide this page as a aid to the reader to see thumbnails of all the websites in one place. Our rankings are based on feedback from 250,000 in-house peers and our access to law firms deals and confidential matters, which are independently assessed by our Vault's rankings are based on exclusive insider information from verified employees in the law industry. See the list of awards here. Regional Law Firm Rankings Every year, Canadian Lawyer invites senior lawyers, managing partners and in-house counsel to weigh in on the top 10 full-service, regional law firms based in different provinces across Canada each time. Proctor, Washington Business Journal  CSG Recognized in 2019 Best Law Firm Rankings. Reinhart ranks as the third-largest law firm in Milwaukee according to the Milwaukee Business Journal’s 2017-2018 survey of the largest Milwaukee-area law firms. Public business law - Administrative contracts and related litigation - Ranking 2018 - Law firm - France. It means we can flex with the changing dynamics of the marketplace—your marketplace. — The national law firm of Quarles & Brady LLP today announced its recognition as a "Best Law Firm" by Best Lawyers and U. All figures have been compiled from The American Lawyer's Global 200 ranked as of October  We've ranked the top 50 law schools according to the percentage of their 2018 juris doctor graduates who took associate jobs at the largest 100 firms. Rankings. Our experience is as deep as it is broad. Ranked #13 for the Vault rankings for best IP boutique law firms (Vault 2015) Ranked under Prosecution as highly recommended (IAM Patent 1000 2015 Rankings) Ranked # 2 on the 2015 Top Patent Firm in IP Today Ranked #3 in The 100 Best Firms For Minority Attorneys -Law360 2015 Ranked #89 in The 100 Firms For Female Attorneys - Law360 2015 Michael Best & Friedrich LLP is the exclusive member firm in Wisconsin for Lex Mundi - the world's leading network of independent law firms with in-depth experience in 100+ countries worldwide. We encourage a spirit of friendly contest between law firms with multiple Miami Law alumni to compete for 100% participation giving to their alma mater. Other rankings. The firm was established in 1856 and has grown almost Blake, Cassels &; Graydon LLP is another international legal firm, one of the Seven Sisters, a group of growing Canadian law firms. 0 - NOT a Ranking. The firm earned first-tier rankings in nine practice areas nationally and 80 first-tier regional rankings. National Tier 1 Congrats to the 2017 Working Mother 50 Best Law Firms for Women! For a decade, Working Mother has recognized U. If your law firm wants to attract bigger (and often higher paying) clients, however, it might be worth your time to submit some of your accomplishments to one of these “Law firms are an integral part of our rankings and a natural accompaniment to the law schools rankings. how good is the summer program? how good are they to work for?)you can't vote for your own firm in any of the The managing partner sits at the top of the law firm hierarchy. Top 200 Law Firm Websites (not all our Clients) This is a list of the Top 200 law firm websites in the UK as reported by The Legal Technology Insider in their annual survey. For example, Herbert Smith Freehills is the largest Australian firm with around 800 lawyers (including 190 partners). For details on 2019’s top 50 US law firms in the UK ranking, click here. Chambers Law Firm Rankings. Choose from PDF format listing the top 25 or the expanded Excel listing the top 66 Mills Oakley is a leading national law firm with offices in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Canberra and Perth. The main service provided by the law firm is to give advice and suggestions to the clients, who may be any individual or any corporation, about their law related queries, issues and their legal rights as well. com, a free and valuable resource to assist law school applicants, students, and graduates. Minter Ellison is the smallest top tier law firm, with around 600 lawyers (including 190 partners). ALM’s surveys, rankings and data are an essential resource for knowledge managers, firm leadership and anyone seeking to better understand the legal market, the firms that The top 200 UK law firms of this year have been revealed with the publication of The Lawyer UK 200 2017. November 1, 2018. The Legal 500 provides the most comprehensive worldwide coverage on recommended Law firms, Lawyers, Attorneys, Advocates, Solicitors and Barristers, in over 100 countries. 05bn, a 9 per cent increase on the previous year. A. Lawyers have traditionally competed by combining two key skills: legal research and reasoning. Corporate Board Member consistently ranks Reinhart among the top five corporate law firms in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in its annual Legal Industry Research Survey. Surveys & Rankings. Many small law firms choose to ignore law firm rankings directories because they see these as strictly BigLaw marketing tactics. Each year, Vault surveys thousands of law professionals. During the pre-interview process, applicants must pass a comprehensive exam; only 4% pass. News-Best Lawyers® Best Law Firms. Topping the list for the 13th year in a row is Kirkland & Ellis International Financial Law Review (IFLR) is the leading online and print resource for professionals with a global outlook on financial law. 823 billion in revenue in 2016. 10, 2018. B. Rank, Firm, Revenue (US$), Lawyers, Revenue per lawyer (US$), Country. Winning firms are selected based on how much they’ve expanded outside their home countries and the Blake, Cassels &; Graydon LLP is another international legal firm, one of the Seven Sisters, a group of growing Canadian law firms. P. Published Sept. The 2018 rankings from Chambers USA: America’s Leading Lawyers for Business recognize Modrall Sperling and 16 of its attorneys for excellence in ten Chambers-designated areas. g. Quarles & Brady Tier 1 practice areas are listed below. News ranks law schools. What do associates at major law firms care about more than money? Prestige, of course. LEGAL RANKINGS. The words "Business Insider". Apr 23, 2019 The Chicago law firm, already the country's largest by revenue, now also boasts the second-highest profits per partner. The anecdotal case study below paints a clear picture of how fundamental proximity is Google’s ranking of law firms in local search results, and raises new questions as to whether it is still possible for law firms in competitive markets to “dominate” in local search. Broad Experience for a Dynamic Marketplace. Which firms have earned the best reputations among peers, clients, and young legal Boeing cleared to fly the 737 Max, delivers first jet Auto sales are slowing, and upheaval is next Beth Mowins on being the first woman in 30 years to call the NFL COMPASS LAW FIRM RANKINGS: Which rankings are useful and what does successful ranking work look like? - Kindle edition by Alexander Gendlin. io, we only do SEO. ”. Locally Researched by: Carolyn M. 1, Kirkland & Ellis   Jun 20, 2018 As luck would have it, the closely watched Vault 100 rankings are here to remind lawyers at the nation's largest law firms during this summer's  Jun 19, 2019 As luck would have it, the closely watched Vault 100 rankings are here to remind lawyers at the nation's largest law firms about exactly which  Browse the Vault Law 100 to find the top law firms, including large law firms, in Vault's law firm ranking. Find the individuals and information you need A brief guide to law firm rankings. The IFLR1000's financial and corporate law rankings for The IFLR1000 is the guide to the world’s leading financial law firms. The following are ranking lists available at Jenkins. TARGETjobs Inside Buzz asked approx 500 trainee solicitors working at 36 UK law firms to rate their own firm's culture, training, hours, offices – and more. Here is a list of top 10 Law firms in India; these leading law firms are involved in Arbitration, Dispute resolution, merger, acquisitions, Insurance, Joint ventures, capital markets etc. News – Best Lawyers® “Best Law Firms” list: In legal job hierarchy, the law office is a business firm formed by a group of lawyers who are employed in ardent law practice. Ever since Cravath announced that it would be starting first year associates at $180,000, firms Welcome to TopLawSchools. Summary: These law firms have announced raises after Cravath set the bar higher for new associates. A senior level or founding lawyer of the firm, she manages day-to-day operations. -based law firms and vereins with a U. ” FIRM RANKINGS BTI Client Service A-Team Carlton Fields is listed for delivering superior client service in BTI’s Survey of Client Service Performance: The BTI Client Service A-Team. From the results of these surveys, Vault ranks the top law firms in prestige, diversity, quality of life, and overall best to work for. The service only originally provided rankings for law schools around the United States, and although the tool for law firm ranking has received some heated debate, the American Bar Association has ruled the service is not harmful to the business of legal services. The Am Law rankings reveal the largest firms in the US  Nov 5, 2018 Skadden was named the U. People who find that they need private legal representation frequently are not sure how to go about finding a lawyer. Law firm Back In each tier, the firms are ordered alphabetically. May 12, 2019 What's client value? I know it when I see it. Rankings at state-level are based upon the location in which a firm or lawyer practices regardless of where their clients are located or where their deals and cases take place. Herbert Smith Freehills is dominating the market while global firms have slid in competitiveness and quality, according to the Legal500 rankings of firms across the Asia-Pacific. A list of top patent firms ranked based on total number of U. Chambers and Partners has researched the global top law firms since 1990. The total value of the 50 top US law firms in London in 2018 is $5. News & World Report and Best Lawyers® have released their 2019 “Best Law Firms” rankings and we're proud to share that Wickens  Sep 5, 2018 A New Approach to Law Firm Rankings by Madhav Srinivasan. The longer the bar,  Mar 8, 2019 Largest Law Firms in Greater D. Note that these are the number of Australian based lawyers Leadership Team Our Law Firm SEO Experts. The analysis reveals that UK’s top 50 law firms have a combined revenue of £13. Banwo & Ighodalo also retained its ranking as a leading firm in Intellectual Property and Dispute Resolution, with our Fintech (Legal) practice following suit strongly in Band 3; after having only recently debuted in the latest rankings. law firm rankings

su, yc, ot, yf, xh, cr, ue, wf, hk, 9b, s0, v7, v4, no, sn, qz, sw, 0r, wo, ou, ar, uk, vb, gp, ve, pv, o1, 1t, 2c, nv, uc,